How many Privacy Laws are there in the United Kingdom?
None! The legislation is made up primarily of four separate sets of legislation
The umbrella legislation is:-
Human Rights Act, Common Law, Data Protection Act & Privacy and Electronic Communications Regulations
We're going to concentrate on the Data Protection Act 1998 &
Privacy and Electronic Communications Regulations
- It’s important to know the definitions…
- Apologies to any females! - it's always in the ‘male’ form
- Data is usually referred to in the plural form
What Is Data? Information which:
A. is being processed by means of equipment operating automatically in response to instructions given for that purpose or
So any data in digital form; includes the likes of microfilm data.
B. is recorded with the intention that it should be processed by means of such equipment or
So paper records such as forms, questionnaires and the like that will become digital
C. is recorded as part of a “relevant filing system” or
Any manual records that are stored in some sort of order; filing cabinet, card index system etc.
D. is none of the above, but forms part of an “accessible record” or
Accessible Record: This categogy includes such things as medical and educational records in any format
E. is none of the above but is unstructured data held by a public authority
(a new category of personal data introduced by the Freedom of Information Act 2000)
A classification for public bodies; such a planning records which could identify an individual but not necessarily name them directly.